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The first part of the paper elaborates some of the most important international demands and standards for the penal law fight against money. In the second part we will give an overview of the development of anti-money laundering legislation and practice in Serbia during past five years. We will particularly emphasize possibilities for the law enforcement agencies given by the new legislation, in particular those foreseen in the Criminal Code, the Code on Criminal Procedure, and the Code on organised crime, as well as in the Anti-money laundering act. We will present the analysis of different measures and investigation techniques in this field describe the scope of the competences given to certain law enforcement agencies, such as the police, prosecutor`s office, court and the FIU. Although some inconsistencies can still be noticed in the existing legislation, we may conclude that the new legal provisions have completed and improved Serbian legislation.
However, the process of implementation of those new provisions and their harmonization with foreign, particularly European solutions is in some cases rather slow, not efficient enough and faced with different obstacles an problems. Due to that, we have to turn to the existing experience and prob-lems encountered so far, and on the basis of their analysis try to point out some further steps in terms of possible reforms of both legislation and practice in anti-money laundering filed in Serbia.
The 21th Cross-border Crime Colloquium will be hosted by the
The Police University College, Kongsvinger, Norway on 31 May to 1 June 2021